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The word, 'aesthetics' is used often as an adjective for ideas of beauty, or the appreciation of beauty. Kant provided a more philosophical perspective, as the study of the 'judgments of taste', or 'critical reflection pertaining to sensual perception'.

In addition to the idealist formulation offered by Kant, sensual perception under the emerging disciplines of neuroscience hints at a potential for a materialist understanding of consciousness, anchored in affective pre-dispositions (or more simply, 'likes', 'interest' or 'curiosity'). relies on a materialist conception of aesthetics as 'affect' for the purposes of stimulating human engagement with technology, through autogeographical memory.

Market/Employer Led Policy

A market, or employer led policy is based on the idea of appropriate incentives, private property and a stable macro-economic environment. The idea is to 'empower' people to pursue goals to improve their well-being, their environment and their destiny by putting capital and labour together to create products that add value. The accumulation of private property interests brings with it problems such as social injustice, rising inequalities and powers of extractive elites enjoying monopoly profits. Producers are capable of creating outcomes that threaten to harm public and merit goods by meeting in secret to develop plans that do not benefit society as a whole.

Somaesthetic Enfranchisement

Variously coined, 'group, mat-based activities', 'active wellness', 'dance movement psychotherapy', 'yoga teaching', or 'mindfulness', Somaesthetic Enfranchisement is the act of certifying or bestowing a privilege of a public nature on an individual, group, or company with interests in rehearsing, reproducing, co-producing a mixture of personal and productive whole-body movements with the primary objective of generating informal employment and incomes to the persons concerned and others connected by way of kinship, or personal and social relations rather than contractual arrangements with formal guarantees.


  • Self-care and maintenance
  • Cultural activities, hobbies, internet use and sports
  • Socializing and communicating, community participation and religious activities
  • Unpaid volunteer work and vocational education and training
  • Providing services for own final use


The term ‘somaesthetics’ was coined by the American pragmatist philosopher Richard Shusterman in 1996 through the compounding of “soma”, an expression derived from the Greek word for body, and “aesthetics”, a word derived from the Greek aesthesis, meaning ‘sensory perception’. Shusterman has reported in a number of his works that he chose ‘soma’ over more familiar terms “to avoid problematic associations of body (which can be a lifeless, mindless thing) and flesh (which designates only the fleshly parts of the body and is strongly associated with Christian notions of sin)” and to emphasize that the project “concerns the lived, sentient, purposive body rather than merely a physical body”. As an amalgamation, ‘somaesthetics’ “implies a project of appreciating and cultivating the body not only as an object that externally displays beauty, sublimity, grace, and other aesthetic qualities, but also as a subjectivity that perceives these qualities and that experiences attendant aesthetic pleasures somatically”. Wikipedia

aisthesis “sensation” (from PIE root *au- “to perceive”). The coinage is perhaps on model of aesthetic, prosthetic.

  • *au-

Proto-Indo-European root meaning “to perceive.”

It forms all or part of: aesthete; aesthetic; anesthesia; audible; audience; audio; audio-; audit; audition; auditor; auditorium; auditory; hyperaesthesia; kinesthetic; oyer; oyez; obedient; obey; paraesthesia; synaesthesia.

It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit avih, Avestan avish “openly, evidently;” Greek aisthanesthai “to feel;” Latin audire “to hear;” Old Church Slavonic javiti “to reveal.”

Yoga Sports (or Sport Yoga)

The aim of Yoga Sport, as the concept of competing not only in asanas. the competitions is Pranayama, Pratihara, Concentration, Meditation , Santosha, Maitri, Karuna, Jnana, Spirituality and all the yoga angas. Was to introduce young people to the art and science of yoga through competitions.

In India from 1971 the Yoga Federation of India under the leadership of K. C. Sharma and Ashok Kumar Aggarwal […] was the organizator of Natinal Yoga Championship of India

The First International Yoga Asanas Championship was held in 1989 in Pondicherry, India under the guidance of Swami Gitananda. After the mahasamadhi of Gitanandaji, Bikram and Raj Choudury do from 2003 the International Yoga Asanas Championships in U.S.A. The First World Yoga Championship was held in 1989 in Montevideo, Uruguay under the guidance of Dharmachari Maitreyananda who do the world cups of Athletic Yoga, Asana Yoga (Hatha Yoga), Artistic Yoga, Rhythmic Yoga, Acrobatic Yoga and Yoga Dance

In Europe, there is the annual European Yoga Championships organized by the European Yoga Alliance and International Federation of Yoga Sports In America there is the annual American Yoga Championships organized by the Latin America Yoga Union and International Federation of Yoga Sports. Asia have annual Asian Yoga Championships organized by the Asian Yoga Federation and International Federation of Yoga Sports. (accessed 04/06/2017)

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